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People's Republic of China's Nationally Determined Contributions (Updated Submission), 2021

The People's Republic of China's (PRC) updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) submitted in 2021 embody its enhanced targets for climate action. The NDC notes that PRC has made progress in implementing its targets through adjustments to industrial structure, optimizing energy mix, promoting energy saving and improving energy efficiency, using market mechanisms, and increasing carbon sinks. 

With this, PRC submitted the following enhanced targets: 

  • to have CO2 emissions peak before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060; to lower CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by over 65% from the 2005 level; 
  • to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 25%; 
  • to increase the forest stock volume by 6 billion cubic meters from the 2005 level; and 
  • to bring its total installed capacity of wind and solar power to over 1.2 billion kilowatts by 2030. 

The NDC notes that PRC is confronted with enormous challenges and difficulties in its NDCs, which calls for great efforts, considering that it is a developing country with a population of 1.4 billion, and is currently in a critical period transforming growth model, optimizing economic structure, and shifting growth drivers.