ADB Law and Policy Reform Program
Asian Development Bank

Case Study on Waste Crime - Prosecuting the Export of UK Solid Waste to Other Countries

In July 2021, Biffa Waste Services Ltd was  fined £1.5 million for breaking export law, in what the judge called “reckless, bordering on deliberate.” Biffa’s latest breaches of export law uncovered by the Environment Agency involved rolling contracts to send vast amounts of waste to India and Indonesia. Howard McCann, the barrister who handled the case, discusses this successful prosecution and the international cooperation that made it possible.