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Accountability Mechanisms in Climate Change Framework Framework Laws

The study examines mechanisms to ensure accountability for the implementation of the obligations in climate change framework laws. It looks at 43 climate change framework laws, aiming to present a comprehensive review of the mechanisms through which framework legislation may produce processes to ensure that the parties responsible for implementation of the obligations are accountable for their progress. The study looks beyond the issue of emission reduction targets and explores a wider range of obligations imposable through framework legislation. It identifies four accountability elements which should be present in any accountability system or regime, by asking what obligations are created, who is accountable and to whom, how is compliance assessed, and what happens in case of non-compliance. The authors recommend ensuring that these key elements of accountability are addressed. Moreover, stakeholders should consider explicitly incorporating accountability mechanisms when enacting or revising laws.